Ecological System Thinking and Climate Change.

1. Ecological System Thinking and its Application to Dealing with Climate Change. The high concentration of humans, and human needs, in urban areas involves a dynamic relation with the rural and non-habitable surroundings. Food, potable water, transportation of goods, all the requirements of good city living place a limit on the growth of population for an optimal relation between rural and urban. The best practices are ecologically sound when examined in the light of that relation. 2. Actionable items that will help implement climate change action in Boston are: a) institute full environment cost accounting on all economic activity to determine the public cost as a ground for taxation. b) re-structure consumption to minimize production of waste. c) encourage individual creative innovation in the arts. d) develop a public banking system. e) eradicate poverty as a wasteful economic institution -- i.e., wasteful of human social potential for change.